HFY Wing Chun Time Space & Energy Philosophy & Principle


Authored by Grand Master Garrett Gee

朱競雄 著作


Looking at history, the observations and studies of “animal behavior” have inspired much of the developments of most Chinese martial arts. Out of the plethora of combat arts many remain elusive and private yet the Tiger, Crane, Leopard, Monkey, Snake, Dragon, Eagle and Praying Mantis styles are more widely known. The characteristics of animal movements and the personality/spirit/essence of each animal have been adopted into kung fu for both spirituality and combat. Animal Style Kung Fu literally alters the physical nature and behavior of humans and uses animal-based Heaven Human Earth “Tin Yan Dei” 動物天人地 to measure and determine ranges for kicking, striking and grappling. This general train of “Outside the Box” thinking and movement is the means to measure range.

Also, a person’s ability to maintain the requirements of any given combat system is extremely important. The traditional arts focus intently on optimizing a person’s abilities and attributes to satisfy the style’s effectiveness. Optimizing one’s strength, agility, speed, flexibility, impact conditioning, reflex, “Iron Body” and so on, takes years and decades of training. The Shaolin Monks, for example, achieve such physical feats that are simply out of reach of average folks. There are countless highly effective and lethal martial arts spanning the centuries, each unique in their approach and effective in their own right.

A new fighting system called Wing Chun was devised with a very different mentality called “Inside the Box” thinking. Throughout the innumerable differences in the world of combat arts, the common thread is that all must deal with the laws of our universe. The Wing Chun System addressed the common thread by harmonizing human-based Tin Yan Dei with the laws of Time, Space, Energy and Gravity. This realization gave rise to a new technology in the combat world. The new Wing Chun fighting system would be designed from the laws and regulations of Time Space and Energy. There are two key ingredients that form the basis, and by extension the roadmap, for the design of Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun.

紅花義詠春拳訣:三點一線定元神, 五度六門化乾坤 Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Kuen Kuit:

Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Fist Maxims

1. Three Points One Line Establish Original Nature

2. Five Ways and Six Gates Influence the Universe

In the 2003 book “Mastering Kung Fu” I had publicly introduced these two maxims which constitute the bedrock and the physical attributes of Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Kuen. HFYWCK was intentionally formulated around the design and application of human anatomy compliant to the laws of our nature and reality (Time Space and Energy). They focused on mapping out the human design as well as the space for which the human form can influence with these HFY Kuit. The nature of the human form became the template for human movement. As bipedal beings it is both natural and optimal to utilize our two arms and two legs in an upright, evenly weighted, posture while moving from place to place. As such, the Wing Chun System applies the most optimal use of the human body in combative form. Ultimately, it became an exceptionally complex system of checks and balances to satisfy the truth of Maximum Efficiency. This is a concept that resides at the very core of Wing Chun science, where it all begins.

An architectural engineer provides the design based on the space available. A structural engineer integrates necessary aspects to accommodate purpose, and the electrical engineer designs the controls for energy transfer. Through the process of trial and error such things as design effectiveness, structural integrity and functionality are tested and proven repeatedly in striving to achieve the most efficient design and function. The concept of Wing Chun as a direct, simple to apply, and very effective fighting system, came from the trials and errors from generations of martial artists. The sophistication of Wing Chun is nothing short of a great engineering feat by the ancestors, who were nothing short of expert martial artists. Their combined knowledge of philosophy, many martial art styles, weapon systems and experiences from war helped to provide the crucial ingredients in the genesis of Wing Chun.

紅花義詠春天人地三壇大界 Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Tin Yan Dei Saam Taan Dai Gai (Red Flower Righteous Heaven Human Earth Three Time Zones)

1. 五線時輪法 - Five Line Theory

2. 宮格時輪法 - Inside/Outside Box Theory

3. 對形追形門樁法 - Four/Six Gates Facing and Tracing Strategies

The necessity to provide a system of self-defense to interact with a multitude of fighting styles also inspired the development of this truly unique martial art system. The new fighting system must be complex in design and function, yet simple direct and efficient to deploy. The above Kuit describes three key Time Zones for HFY combat applications and strategies.

In Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun the art has been designed to address both sides of the coin (inside/outside the “box”). For combat situations, the “HFY Box Theory” provides specific regulations that apply within this zone of reality to optimize influence against opposition. The “Box” has two dimensions to it - inside and outside. This theory serves to define effectiveness versus efficiency. In the Outside the Box category things are like (1+1+1=3), meaning the importance and dependence upon technique, speed, power and agility, become more relevant in dealing with long and short range applications. For the Inside the Box category, the technology becomes more similar to (A + B + C = D) wherein at the closer combat range both arms and both legs share simultaneity of attack and defense. Hung Fa Yi’s signature Inside the Box technology enables precision and combat efficiency because Space and Time become measurable values. When things are in a measurable state, Maximum Efficiency can then be determined.

We can see today that in compliance with the laws of physics, the technology of HFY Wing Chun was born from the concept of Maximum Efficiency through the logic and laws of Time, Space & Energy (the basis for HFY’s Time, Space & Energy Concept). It is because of this uniquely intricate technology that Time Space & Energy can be measured; therefore, Maximum Efficiency is achievable.

“Hung Fa Yi Six Elements Tin Yan Dei Formula”, or the Heaven Human & Earth Concept, is one of many HFY technologies. Instead of relying on a singular dimensional line to assess combat, “HFY TYD” technology incorporates multiple dimensions of “Heaven, Human & Earth” to measure the reality of “Time & Space”. Divided into six categories and determined by our own anatomy, this HFY concept provides additional scientific dimensions which enable us to establish precise range, apply leverage and affirm the reality of time.

紅花義天人地三摩橋時空能基本法門 Hung Fa Yi Tin Yan Dei (Heaven Human & Earth):

This HFY technology utilizes anatomically based human references for the measurement of “Time & Space”, the application of strategies and regulation of “Energy”.

1. 元体天人地法 BODY TIN YAN DEI - 五陣朝面追形法 5 Battle Array Random Positioning (擺樁 Bai Jong, 截橋 Jeet Kiu, 沉橋 Chum Kiu, 回馬 Wui Ma, 追形 Jeui Ying) Direct body attack range, anti-grappling or boxing strategy to avoid 3, 4 or 6 gate attack while maintaining six gate ability

2. 四門天人地法 FOUR GATE TIN YAN DEI - Jong sao 3 point 3 bridge (upper body) attack & defense range from left to right, high medium & low from a stationary position (gate theory time zone)

3. 六門天人地法 SIX GATE TIN YAN DEI - 3 point one line six corner intercepting range, attack & defense with mobility (distortion time zone)

4. 樁手天人地法 JONG SAO TIN YAN DEI - Single arm bridge, 2 line defense, (Box Theory time zone)

5. 子午橋天人地法 GEE NG KIU TIN YAN DEI - Energized bridge in harmony (TYD Reference)

6. 乾坤樁天人地法 KIN KWAN JONG TIN YAN DEI - 三星樁乾坤橋手 Saam Sing Jong Kin Kwan Kiu Sao 2 arm bridging engagement (5 line theory time zone)

This HFY Wing Chun technology dates back to the Hung Gun Boxers Society from 1850s. These HFY Wing Chun Kuen Kuit have been strictly enforced from the generation of Grand Master Hung Gun Biu and will continue through my generation to ensure constancy.

Throughout all Hung Fa Yi combat training, the HFY Saam Mou Kiu Philosophy guides the instructor and gauges the practitioner throughout the entire learning process. This concept also applies to the stage of awareness for each technique individually, to assure they are implemented correctly with all relative principles and applied within the appropriate time zone. As there is any number of potential solutions to a problem, the “HFY System Approach” will compare the more common technique-based reactions to the “HFY Time, Space & Energy” based System Response demonstrating “Maximum Efficiency”. The “HFY System” practices both sides of the coin throughout every application, to include body reaction and the ability to recover. Each procedure is scrutinized within the strict standards of the “HFY Saam Mou Kiu Philosophy”. With the extensive conditioning through “HFY Saam Mou Kiu” training, you will graduate from the insecurity and intimidation of no position, to develop a state of total confidence.

紅花義三摩橋 HFY Saam Mou Kiu:

HFY Three Connecting Bridges Training Philosophy

1. 浮橋 Fau Kiu; Floating Bridge - Wandering; From nowhere to somewhere

2. 散橋 San Kiu; Separate Bridge - Awareness; Able to focus on time or space or understanding principle or concept. Recognizing each individually

3. 永橋 Weng Kiu; Everlasting bridge - Focus; Total awareness of time, space & energy with a complete understanding of the principles and concepts of HFY

Typically, Wing Chun practitioners are aware that the “Center Line Theory” (direct path from point A to B) is a signature concept separating Wing Chun from most other martial arts. However, center line utilization varies from one to another, especially when it comes to compensating for range. Although others may be effective in expressing this theory, without maintaining one’s center of gravity, space, or side stepping away from center creates the opportunity for countermeasures and leads away from Maximum Efficiency.

紅花義元樁基本法 HFY Yeung Jong Concept:

Original Position

1. Stationary position to effectively measure “Time & Space”

2. To exhaust all options of SNT level training before moving to conserve “Energy”

In order for Center Line Theory to be an effective tool in the measurement of Time & Space, the “A” point must remain stationary. If both points “A” and “B” are in motion such as bobbing or weaving in and around each other, there will be distortions in Time & Space. Center Line Theory is the first of many building blocks applied in the creation of Wing Chun. Center Line Theory application indicates the shortest distance to and from an opponent and has contributed to the expeditious reputation of Wing Chun fighters. The “Center Line” is the most effective path to influence an opponent's gravity. It is the dividing line to leverage energy especially that of a larger and or stronger opponent. This fundamental idea (The Center Line) also provides the ability for using one hand against two hands and trapping. Every aspect of Wing Chun Kung Fu was developed with scientific logic relating to “Time & Space” (HFY Time, Space & Energy Concept).

紅花義三根掌基本法 Hung Fa Yi Saam Gun Jeung:

Hung Fa Yi Triangular Palm

HFY defines “Jeung Gun” as the root of the palm, specifically “HFY Saam Gun Jeung” (a triangle from the joint of the little finger down to the wrist across to the joint of the thumb). The striking point is that portion of the palm from the lower joint of the little finger to the wrist. Palms are commonly used in many of the martial arts especially Wing Chun.

Applications vary from a guiding push to an extreme impact, which can potentially result in broken bones or internal injuries. Regardless of the intended result, use of the palm for pushing or striking creates the potential for injury to the wrist or fingers as well. One of the weaker points of the anatomy, the wrist, supports all activity of the palm including grabbing. Many sprained or broken wrists occur as a result of improper structure. Grabbing is discouraged, as this “locked action” creates an opportunity for an opponent to break your wrist, fingers or counter grab.

Instead, the HFY system relies on precise palm application (Saam Gun Jeung) to control an opponent. The Saam Gun Jeung structural and positional controls allow for spontaneous release for immediate strike or defense. If control at the first point of engagement is not established, then it is less likely the next step will be reached safely. 拍手Pak Sao, 㩒手 Gum Sao and 托手 Tok Sao 紅花義拳法:三根掌天人地四門中線來留去送法 (HFY Saam Gun Jeung Sei Mun Chung Seen Loi Lau Hoi Sung Faat) all incorporate the “HFY Saam Gun Jeung” technology to optimize their influence in these time zones throughout “Heaven Human & Earth”. The “HFY Wing Chun System” has established principles for safety as a priority at every stage of any application.

紅花義五枚應樁基本法 Of the HFY Five Energies Concept; HFY 5 PETALS ENERGY:

Energy categorized by 5 distinct properties unique to HFY

1. 形 YING – Shape

2. 流 LAU – Flow

3. 冲 CHUNG – Crash

4. 殺 SAAT – Kill

5. 化 FA – Neutralize

紅花義形力基本法 Hung Fa Yi Ying Lik:

Hung Fa Yi Structured Energy

Hung Fa Yi Structured Energy Concept exists through natural anatomical triangulations of the human body. Every position of every part of the Wing Chun body has a role. Unlike the many fighting styles that were born from animal behavior, Wing Chun was based on the mental and physical attributes of human beings. It is not natural for a human to behave like an animal. HFY Wing Chun uses the natural shapes, such as the triangle (strongest structure in space) for strength and specific alignment of bone structures to support the direction of influence. Structures can be influenced by many variables such as leverage or weight. They may also have limitations, from their dimensions, design and foundation. The integration of energy empowers a structure with the ability to adapt to these influences. This natural continuity of the human anatomy has proven an existing balance between structural integrity and mobility. If you don’t have a Wing Chun body, your Wing Chun will not work as effectively.

紅花義十眀㸃基本法 Hung Fa Yi Sup Ming Dim:

Hung Fa Yi Ten Bright Points

Hung Fa Yi Ten Bright Points Concept provides a natural guide relative to human anatomy for the correct location of every position. This “HFY Sup Ming Dim Concept” of structural awareness from head to toe is necessary to achieve optimum effectiveness. All displayed in our HFY Siu Nim Tau, these shapes and positions are clearly outlined with references as part of the “HFY Sup Ming Dim Concept”. In the beginning of HFY Siu Nim Tau form, the HFY Four Gate Tin Yan Dei (Heaven Human & Earth Concept), HFY Five Line Theory and HFY Box Theory are displayed. Although they may not be distinguished by the untrained eye, with proper guidance they will be clearly seen and understood. Once a bridge or physical connection has been established to the opponent the next step would be the application of energy.

红花義十三樁疊骨功基本法 Hung Fa Yi Sup Saam Jong Dip Gwat Gung:

Hung Fa Yi Thirteen Structural Compression Points

Hung Fa Yi Sup Saam Jong Dip Gwat Gung Concept is the compression or locking of the joints in a structured shape to influence effect. We use HFY Dip Gwat Gung in every application of structured energy to support the individual shape and effectiveness of the anatomy. From the formation of the fist in the beginning of HFY Siu Nim Tau, the practice with on & off energy allows for spontaneous reaction from a state of Dip Gwat Gung to mobility. Through awareness training you will develop the ability to activate any combination of these thirteen joints (ankles, knees, hips, shoulders, elbows & wrists connected from the base of the neck through the spine) with varying degrees of energy.

With all of the necessary ingredients, it will be possible to institute the “HFY Wing Chun Formula”. If the “HFY Wing Chun Formula” does not exist, an application from any of the HFY 5 Energies can challenge.

紅花義詠春方程式 Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Formula

1. 3 Point Self-Center Line

2. Kiu Sao Center Line

3. Two Line Attack & Defense Position and Range, 4 & 6 Gate Tin Yan Dei

When the conditions of the “HFY Wing Chun Formula” are established, (correct application of “HFY Sup Ming Dim”) and energy is introduced into this association of structures within the “HFY Center Line”, then “HFY Gee Ng Kiu” can be applied accordingly.

紅花義詠春子午橋中線法 Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Gee Ng Kiu Center Line:

Bridged Energy Alignment, a balance of energy & leverage, harmony between opponents

This balance of power that exists on the border of the “HFY Box Theory” (one of 3 HFY time zones) between two opponents (as in two ends of a bridge connected in the middle) share a structured responsibility that cannot be ignored.

紅花義詠春子午橋天人地法 Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Gee Ng Kiu Tin Yan Dei: Energized Bridge in Harmony TYD Reference (Heaven, Human & Earth) To assure HFY Safety Protocol the state of “HFY Gee Ng Kiu” can be expressed to establish a check point or as it has been said “Touch a Stone Cross a River”. “HFY Gee Ng Kiu” represents the border of the in box/out box with HFY Deui Ying alignment that exists between opponents. Once “HFY Gee Ng Kiu” has been established, the potential for challenge is equal from either opponent. If only one or neither has a true center line the opportunity for challenge will exist and Gor Sao will be possible. If the opening for a second hand attack has been created then “one hand against two”, trapping, San Sao sparring or Chi Sao is possible.

Through the science of Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun we can witness the logic flow of its scientific processes and regulation of Time, Space and Energy, as a vehicle to harmonize with the universe. Maximum Efficiency; the very basis of Wing Chun, is only possible when embodying the laws of Time Space and Energy. This requires economy of motion with consideration of timing. Timing does not mean speed of travel over distance; rather, it refers to the moment of circumstances and the natural flow of processes described through the Hung Fa Yi Saam Mou Kiu philosophy and principle.

Wing Chun’s forms help us understand how to apply our human skeleton with each syllable of the system into the framework as defined by the two maxims that gave rise to the Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Formula: 紅花義詠春拳訣:三點一線定元神, 五度六門化乾坤. The Wing Chun System enables us to harmonize with Time Space and Energy.

紅花義詠春拳訣:你不動 我不動 你若動 我先動 Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Kuen Kuit:

“If you don’t move, I don’t move. If you move, I get there first.”

Wing Chun can be thought of as “Nirvana”, which is any place of complete bliss, delight and peace. The beauty of practicing WCK with the Saam Mou Kiu method helps us experience and develop proper Wing Chun body karma through the seasons of Time, Space and Energy. Once one reaches the harmonious state of Nirvana, “when the mind understands the body knows” Maximum Efficiency can be truly expressed. We hone our body karma not to think but to react! “Supported by the natural laws of physics, governed by simple logic, the Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Kung Fu System leaves nothing for you to add and nothing for you to subtract”.

About the author:

Grandmaster Garrett Gee (朱競雄) is the founder of the Kung Fu Tong, World Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Kung Fu Association (WHFYWCKFA) and the Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Pai. He is the 33rd direct descendant of renowned Neo Confucian philosopher Zhu Xi (朱熹) and comes from a powerful line of leaders through his family's heritage. During the early 1900’s his grandfather was a strong military leader of the Chinese government. His father was a grandmaster of many powerful traditional kung fu systems. Garrett Gee’s a devout spiritual cultivator of Tantric Buddhism and has dedicated his entire life to teaching and preserving the legacy of his family’s authentic kung fu. In the 1980’s he was a writer and editor for the Chinese Times in California. For the last three decades he has authored many articles and was one of the three authors for the book Mastering Kung Fu which was published by Human Kinetics. His contributions to the martial arts community continue through the Kung Fu Tong and the WHFYWCKFA. More information can be found at:















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